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Huguenot History and Resources

uguenot History and Resources
Huguenots were Protestants, mostly from France and followed the teachings of John Calvin. Because the state church was Catholic, Protestantism was frowned upon, and during much of the 16th century, was criminalized. This religious persecution led many of these protestants called "Huguenots" to flee to other countries where they could freely practice their religion. Many went to the Americas, England, and Australia.







The Huguenot Cross
is believed to have been a sign of recognition among the French Protestants as early as the 17th century. It was patterned after the Order of the Holy Spirit insignia worn by Henry IV of Navarre, who issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 to protect Protestant freedoms. "The Huguenot cross was designed and first manufactured by a certain Mystre of Nīmes in 1688. It has as its predecessor the badge of the Hospitaler Knights of St John of Jerusalem also known as the Knights of Malta, a religious and Crusader order founded in Jerusalem in the 7th century AD. In 1308 they occupied the island of Rhodes after the collapse of the Crusader states, and in 1530 formed the order of the Knights of Malta after Rhodes was surrendered to the Ottoman Turks. They lived for 4 centuries on the island of Malta, hence the name Maltese Cross for the central part. (The Maltese Cross is generally associated with fire and is the symbol of protection of fire fighters in many countries). Other predecessors of the Huguenot Cross include the so-called Languedoc Cross, and the order decoration of the Order of the Holy Spirit which Henry III established on December 31st, 1578." Significance and Meaning The gold Cross of Languedoc, with the official ribbon of the Society which is white, edged with stripes of French blue and gold has become the official insignia of The National Huguenot Society worn by members. The Cross of Languedoc consists of four elements: The insignia consists of an open four-petal Lily of France reminiscent of the Mother Country of France -- in which each petal radiates outward in the shape of a "V" to form a Maltese Cross. The four petals signify the Four Gospels. Each petal, or arm, has at its outside periphery two rounded points at the corners. These rounded points are regarded as signifying the Eight Beatitudes. The four petals are joined together by four fleur-de-lis, also reminiscent of the Mother Country of France. Each fleur-de-lis has has three petals. The twelve petals of the four fleur-de-lis signify the Twelve Apostles. An open space in the shape of heart is formed between each fleur-de-lis and the arms of the two petals with which it is joined. This shape a symbol of loyalty suggests the seal of the great French Reformer, John Calvin. A descending dove pendant representing the Saint Esprit or "Sainted Spirit" the guide and counselor of the Church is suspended from a ring of gold attached to the lower central petal. Courtesy of The National Huguenot Society.

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BOOKS:

The Huguenots in France and America

This is a great resource, that is archived on the internet. 300+pages.

History of the Huguenot Emigration to America Vol. 1

Another great resource, that is archived on the internet. 300+pages.

History of the Huguenot Emigration to America Vol. 2

Another great resource, that is archived on the internet. 300+pages.

Huguenot Emigration to Virginia, and the settlement at Manakin Town

Another great resource, by R. A. Brock, courtesy of the Huguenot Society of the Founders of the Colony at Mannakin.


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